It is well documented that income inequality is on the rise, with the richest 10 percent earning up to 40 percent of total global income. The poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 percent and 7 percent of total global income. In developing countries, inequality has increased by 11 percent if we take into account the growth of population.
These widening disparities require the adoption of sound policies to empower the bottom percentile of income earners, and promote economic inclusion of all regardless of sex, race or ethnicity.
Income inequality is a global problem that requires global solutions. This involves improving the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, encouraging development assistance and foreign direct investment to regions where the need is greatest. Facilitating the safe migration and mobility of people is also key to bridging the widening divide.
Goals in action
Kate has 80% visual impairment, but she can see white objects in the dark. Her brilliant entrepreneurial idea is using this as a strength. WATCH >
Keeping inequalities down will require measures to protect the region's booming population of HIV-positive men and women; to reduce corruption and ensure everyone can access legal services; and to prevent conflicts from derailing hard-won development gains. MORE >